Canadian Permanent Residents have the right to enter and live in Canada.Canadian Permanent Residents must meet certain residency obligations or they may lose their Permanent Resident status. Two years of "residency days" must be accumulated in every five-year period. Residency days need not be consecutive and may be accumulated inside or even outside of Canada, in the following ways:
- By physical presence
- By accompanying a Canadian citizen spouse/common-law partner, or
- As a child accompanying a parent, or
- By employment on a full-time basis with a Canadian enterprise or the Public Service of Canada, or
- By accompanying a Canadian Permanent Resident who is outside Canada and who is employed on a full-time basis by a Canadian enterprise or the Public Service of Canada, as the employee's spouse/common-law partner or child.
Canadian Permanent Residents who plan to re-enter Canada by common carrier (plane, train, bus, boat) will have to show their Canadian Permanent Resident Card or Temporary Travel Document before boarding.
For more information about Canadian Residency, see our Landing in Canada as a Permanent Resident FAQ and our After Landing in Canada as a Permanent Resident FAQ.
Canadian citizenship is voluntary and may be applied for after three years of residence in Canada.
Canada recognizes multi-citizenship.