Find out the processing time for your application.

Whether you are looking to visit, study, work in or immigrate to Canada, CanadaVisa's Canada Immigration Processing Times Tool provides the latest information on how long it may take your application to be processed.


To find out if you are eligible to apply for Canadian permanent residence, fill out a free online assessment now.

About Canada Immigration Processing Times

The processing time begins the day Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) receives an application and ends the day a final decision is made.

On July 31, 2018, IRCC changed the way it estimates processing times for some permanent residence applications. The Canada Immigration Processing Times Tool reflects these changes.

Generally, the processing time for any given application depends on the following factors:

  • the type of application submitted
  • if the application is complete;
  • how quickly IRCC expects to process applications already in the system;
  • how easily applicants’ information can be verified;
  • how long applicants take to respond to any requests or concerns; and
  • other factors.

This BETA version of the Canada Immigration Processing Times Tool is still undergoing improvements and updates. The times generated are unofficial. makes every effort to ensure the quality of the information available in this Canada Immigration Processing Times Tool (the Tool). However, before relying on information contained in the Tool, users should carefully evaluate its accuracy, completeness and relevance to their particular purpose. The information contained within the Tool is provided for information purposes only. Nothing contained in the Tool is to be used as professional advice and the Tool is not a substitute for the advice of a lawyer. Users should contact a qualified Canadian immigration lawyer and get appropriate professional advice relevant to their particular circumstances before any action or decision is taken on the basis of any of the material provided on the Tool. does not accept any liability for any loss or damage incurred by use of or reliance on the Tool or the information contained therein and cannot guarantee and assumes no legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of the information.

Canada Immigration Processing times FAQ

In July 2018, IRCC, decided to calculate processing time estimations by looking at the number of applications currently undergoing processing rather than processing time data from the past.

The changes to the processing times estimation system applies to the following immigration categories:

  • Sponsoring of a parent or grandparent
  • Economic immigration
    • Provincial Nominees (excluding Express Entry)
    • Skilled Workers (Quebec)
    • Start-up visa
  • Humanitarian and compassionate cases

IRCC is committed to processing complete Express Entry applications in six months or less.

Express Entry is a selection system for the following Economic immigration programs: the Federal Skilled Worker Class (FSWC), Canadian Experience Class (CEC), Federal Skilled Trades Class (FSTC) and some Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs).

Express Entry candidates can only apply for Canadian permanent residence upon receipt of an Invitation to Apply (ITA) from IRCC.

Find out if you are eligible to enter the Express Entry pool.

If you are applying for a visitor visa within Canada, the processing time will depend on whether your application was submitted electronically (online) or by mail (paper-based).

If you are applying from outside Canada for a visitor visa your procesing time will vary based on the country you are applying from. Please review country-specific requirements

The processing time duration for a Canadian Study Permit varies depending on an applicant’s country of residence. Study permit processing times can range from two weeks to 20 weeks depending on the number of applications received by IRCC and which office is processing the permit request.

The processing time duration for a temporary work permit depends on whether or not an application is made within Canada. Country-specific processing times apply for work permit applications.

A Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP) is an open work permit available to international students who have graduated from an eligible Designated Learning Institution (DLI) in Canada. The PGWP gives eligible graduates the opportunity to work in Canada for up three years.

The processing time for a PGWP depends on whether an online or paper-based application is made.

No. The processing time for Family Sponsorship applications depends on the family member (spouse or common-law partner, dependent child, parents or grandparents, adopted child or others) being sponsored and his or her country of residence.

Canadian citizens or permanent residents who are at least 18 years old may be able to sponsor certain family members to immigrate to Canada.

Find out if you are eligible for family sponsorship.

Based on the latest information from IRCC, the average processing time for a Citizenship grant is 12 months.

To apply for Canadian Citizenship by naturalization, applicants must meet certain eligibility conditions, which include Permanent Resident status.

Applicants for Canadian citizenship who are between the ages of 18 and 54 years must write and pass the Canadian citizenship test and demonstrate proficiency in at least one of Canada’s two official languages, English or French.

Processing times are determined by the number of applications received for each program. If the number of applications for a given program remains the same, then the processing times do not change.

However, some have a varying number of applications throughout the year; in these cases, the processing times will change to reflect those changes.

Processing times that depend on historical data will show how long it took IRCC to process applications in the past and are updated on a weekly basis.

Permanent resident programs that apply the new projected processing time system are updated on a monthly basis.

The following programs show a commitment to specific processing times and are updated when new commitments are set:

Medical, criminal and other screening requirements may have an effect on the processing times for certain applications.

In most cases, IRCC gives priority to temporary foreign workers since they have job offers and are needed to fill specific labour market gaps.

Priority is also given to certain immigrant classes. For example, IRCC prioritizes applications from sponsored spouses as part of its efforts to reunite families.

In addition, IRCC tends to process applications from people in need of protection sooner than others.

It depends on the type of application you submit. For some applications, the processing time (estimate) does not include the time needed to submit biometrics; for others, the estimate does include this time.

Visit our dedicated biometrics page for details.

Currently, for temporary resident applicants (i.e. visitor visa, study or work permit), the time it takes to submit biometrics is not included in the application processing time. Therefore, the sooner an applicant submits his or her biometrics information, the sooner IRCC can begin processing the application.

After receiving a Biometric Instruction Letter, an applicant has up to 30 days to submit biometrics information at a service point or Visa Application Centre.

For most permanent resident applicants, the time it takes to submit biometrics is included in the application processing time.

The processing time for a passport application depends on where and how the person applies and on the urgency of the request. Processing times for passport applications submitted in Canada are as follows:

  • 10 business days (for applications submitted in person at a passport office)
  • 20 business days (for applications submitted in person at a Service Canada service point)
  • 20 business days (for applications submitted by mail)

For urgent and express service applications submitted at a passport office, the application may be processed by the end of the next business day or may take up to nine business days.

If you are currently living in the United States, you may apply by mail or in person by travelling to the nearest passport office or Service Canada point in Canada. The processing time for mailed application from the United States is 20 business days .

All passport applications submitted outside Canada and the United States may take up to 20 business days. Applications made outside Canada may be submitted at the nearest Canadian government office abroad (i.e. embassy or consulate).

Discover your options for Canadian immigration by completing a free online assessment now.

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