Temporary Resident Visas (Visitor Visas) For Canada

Last updated: 2 September 2020

Canada welcomes more than 35 million temporary residents (non-immigrants) each year. Except for Canadian citizens and permanent residents, all other individuals require permission to enter Canada as a visitor.

Unless they are citizens of a visa-exempt country, individuals who wish to enter Canada for a temporary purpose, such as tourists, temporary foreign workers (individuals with work permits) and international students (individuals on study permits) must apply for and be granted a Temporary Resident Visa (TRV).

  • To find out if you need a TRV before departure to Canada, click here.

Visiting Canada Tool

By answering a few basic questions, the Visiting Canada Tool allows you to discover the steps you need to take in preparation for your visit to Canada.

Use the Visiting Canada Tool

Citizens of visa-exempt countries intending to travel to Canada by air are expected to have applied for an obtained an electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) before their departure to Canada. Exceptions to this include citizens of the United States, who do not require a TRV or an electronic Travel Authorization (eTA), and Green Card holders in the United States, who need an eTA to come to Canada, regardless of their nationality. Unless otherwise exempt from the requirement to obtain a TRV or an eTA, individuals who require a TRV do not require an eTA, and vice versa.

The TRV is a document issued by a Canadian Immigration Visa Office outside Canada, showing that the holder has satisfied the requirements for admission to Canada as a visitor. TRVs may be for single entry or multiple entry. As a general rule, tourists are admitted for a period of six months. Temporary foreign workers and international students are admitted for varying periods of time, as determined on a case-by-case basis. Extensions may be applied for from within Canada.

It is important to note that possession of a valid TRV does not necessarily mean that the Officer at the Canadian Port of Entry will admit the visitor into Canada. At the Port of Entry, all visitors must demonstrate that the purpose of their visit to Canada is of a temporary nature. Officers at the Port of Entry will deny admission to all persons who, in their opinion, do not intend to leave Canada at the expiry of their visitor status.

Items to note:

  • Certain applicants may need to undergo a medical examination. This pertains to some individuals who intend to remain in Canada and have recently visited certain countries, as well as persons who intend to work in certain occupations in Canada. To learn more, click here.
  • Criminality and medical issues may prevent a visitor from entering Canada.
  • Visitors to Canada must be able to prove their ability to support themselves during their intended temporary stay in Canada.
  • Citizens of certain countries may need to provide biometric information. To learn which countries this applies to, click here.

Country Checklist: Temporary Resident Visas

TRVs are required for citizens of certain countries. The chart below outlines which individuals require a TRV and which individuals need an eTA in order to enter Canada.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

CountryDocument/Authorization Required
AfghanistanTRV
AlbaniaTRV
AlgeriaTRV
AndorraeTA
AngolaTRV
AnguillaeTA
Antigua & BarbudaTRV
ArgentinaTRV
ArmeniaTRV
AustraliaeTA
AustriaeTA
AzerbaijanTRV
BahamaseTA
BahrainTRV
BangladeshTRV
BarbadoseTA
BelarusTRV
BelgiumeTA
BelizeTRV
BeninTRV
BermudaeTA
BhutanTRV
BoliviaTRV
Bosnia-HerzegovinaTRV
BotswanaTRV
BrazilTRV/eTA*
BruneieTA
BulgariaeTA
Burkina FasoTRV
BurundiTRV
CambodiaTRV
CameroonTRV
Cape VerdeTRV
Central African RepublicTRV
ChadTRV
ChileeTA
ChinaTRV
ColombiaTRV
ComorosTRV
Congo, Democratic RepublicTRV
Congo, Republic ofTRV
Costa RicaTRV
CroatiaeTA
CubaTRV
CypruseTA
Czech RepubliceTA
DenmarkeTA
DjiboutiTRV
DominicaTRV
Dominican RepublicTRV
EcuadorTRV
EgyptTRV
El SalvadorTRV
Equatorial GuineaTRV
EritreaTRV
EstoniaeTA
EthiopiaTRV
FijiTRV
FinlandeTA
FranceeTA
GabonTRV
GambiaTRV
GeorgiaTRV
GermanyeTA
GhanaTRV
GreeceeTA
GrenadaTRV
GuatemalaTRV
GuineaTRV
GuyanaTRV
HaitiTRV
HondurasTRV
HungaryeTA
IcelandeTA
IndiaTRV
IndonesiaTRV
IranTRV
IraqTRV
IrelandeTA
Israel (passport holders)eTA
Israel (holders of travel document in lieu of passport)TRV
ItalyeTA
Ivory CoastTRV
JamaicaTRV
JapaneTA
JordanTRV
KazakhstanTRV
KenyaTRV
KiribatiTRV
Korea, NorthTRV
Korea, SoutheTA
KosovoTRV
KuwaitTRV
KyrgyzstanTRV
LaosTRV
LatviaeTA
LebanonTRV
LesothoTRV
LiberiaTRV
LibyaTRV
LiechtensteineTA
LithuaniaeTA
LuxembourgeTA
MacaoTRV
MacedoniaTRV
MadagascarTRV
MalawiTRV
MalaysiaTRV
MaldivesTRV
MaliTRV
MaltaeTA
MauritaniaTRV
MauritiusTRV
MexicoeTA
MoldovaTRV
MonacoeTA
MongoliaTRV
MontenegroTRV
MoroccoTRV
MozambiqueTRV
MyanmarTRV
NamibiaTRV
NepalTRV
NetherlandseTA
New ZealandeTA
NicaraguaTRV
NigerTRV
NigeriaTRV
NorwayeTA
OmanTRV
PakistanTRV
PalauTRV
PanamaTRV
ParaguayTRV
PeruTRV
PhilippinesTRV
PolandeTA
PortugaleTA
QatarTRV
RomaniaeTA
RussiaTRV
RwandaTRV
San MarinoeTA
Sao Tome e PrincipeTRV
Saudi ArabiaTRV
SenegalTRV
SerbiaTRV
SeychellesTRV
Sierra LeoneTRV
SingaporeeTA
SlovakiaeTA
SloveniaeTA
SomaliaTRV
South AfricaTRV
SpaineTA
Sri LankaTRV
St. Kitts & NevisTRV
SudanTRV
SurinamTRV
SwazilandTRV
SwedeneTA
SwitzerlandeTA
SyriaTRV
TaiwaneTA
TajikistanTRV
TanzaniaTRV
ThailandTRV
TogoTRV
TongaTRV
Trinidad and TobagoTRV
TunisiaTRV
TurkeyTRV
TurkmenistanTRV
Turks and CaicoseTA
TuvaluTRV
UgandaTRV
UkraineTRV
United Arab EmirateseTA
United KingdomeTA
United States of AmericaNeither (travel document required at border)
UruguayTRV
UzbekistanTRV
VanuatuTRV
VenezuelaTRV
VietnamTRV
YemenTRV
ZambiaTRV
ZimbabweTRV

*Note: As of May 1, 2017, certain citizens of Brazil are able to fly to Canada without first obtaining a Temporary Resident Visa (TRV, also known as a visitor visa). Instead, these individuals must apply for an Electronic Travel Authorization (eTA) before boarding their flight. The measure applies to citizens of one of the three countries who have held a Canadian visa in the last 10 years or who currently hold a valid United States (U.S.) Nonimmigrant (visitor) visa. Individuals who do not meet these criteria, or are travelling to Canada by car, bus, train, or boat, will still need a TRV. On December 1, Canada lifted the visa requirements for all Romanian and Bulgarian citizens.The government has not stated if or when the same policy may be implemented for Brazilians.