Sponsor Parents and Grandparents for Canadian Immigration

Last updated: 23 December 2023

Sponsor PGP 2021 V2

The Parents and Grandparents Program (PGP) exists to reunite families in Canada.

Information on the PGP 2024 is not yet available. Please sign up to our email list (below) to remain up to date on PGP 2024 developments.

The PGP 2023 application intake has ended. IRCC has invited 24,200 potential sponsors to apply to sponsor their parents and grandparents; with the goal of receiving 15,000 complete applications. For the 2023 edition of the PGP, IRCC only considered candidates who submitted an interest to sponsor form on its website between noon ET on October 13, 2020 and noon ET on November 3, 2020.

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Super Visa: Are you Eligible?

The Super Visa allows parents and grandparents multiple entries into Canada for up to 10 years. 

Learn More About the Super Visa

Canadian citizens and permanent residents are able to sponsor their parents and grandparents to immigrate to Canada. Parents and grandparents approved under this program receive Canadian permanent residence and may eventually be able to apply for Canadian citizenship.

Your parents and grandparents can enjoy the full benefits of Canadian permanent residence including being able to work in Canada, obtain health care, get full protection under Canadian law and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, and apply to become a Canadian citizen once they meet the eligibility criteria.

The process for the 2023 PGP was as follows:

Step 1: Ensure you have met the eligibility criteria.

Step 2: Have completed an Interest to Sponsor form on IRCC's website and submitted a profile in 2020, without receiving an ITA in 2021 or 2022.

Step 3: Check the email you provided in your 2020 Interest to Sponsor form after October 13th 2023, for an ITA and further instructions. IRCC will continue sending these emails out for a two week period after the program opening date.

Step 4: If you receive an email from IRCC with an ITA, you must submit your application through the Permanent Residence Portal or Representative Permanent Residence Portal by the deadline stated in your invitation email.

To be eligible the 2023 Parents and Grandparents Program, sponsors must have met the following criteria:

  • Have completed an Interest to Sponsor form on IRCC's website in 2020;
  • Be a Canadian citizen, permanent resident of Canada, or a registered Indian under the Canadian Indian Act;
  • Be 18 years of age or older;
  • Be residing in Canada (potential applicants will need to provide a proof of status during the Interest to Sponsor phase);
  • Exceed the minimum necessary income level for this program (if married or in a common-law relationship, the income of both the sponsor and spouse can be included) and provide proof of income to IRCC; and
  • Sign an undertaking:
    • to financially support the sponsored for 20 years (starting when they become permanent residents);
    • to repay any social assistance benefits paid to the sponsored family members (if applicable) for a period of 20 years; and/or
    • If the sponsor resides in Quebec, an additional "undertaking" must be signed with the province of Quebec.

Applicants to the PGP will have to prove that they meet the minimum income requirements by submitting notices of assessment issued by the Canadian Revenue Agency (CRA) in support of their application.

Yes. You must meet the Quebec government's immigration sponsorship requirements after IRCC approves you as a sponsor. The Quebec government will also assess your income. You also need to sign another sponsorship undertaking with the province.

As of November 23rd 2023, if a person being sponsored for immigration to Quebec (as part of a family sponsorship program) is between the ages of 18-55, you (the sponsor) must now complete and sign a welcome and integration plan, ensuring that support is being provided to the sponsored person in: preparing for their arrival in Quebec, accessing public services and resources to facilitate their integration, and learning French. Undertakings for PGP in Quebec are usually 10 years long.

The welcome and integration plan can be found in section 9 of the undertaking form—family class.

The process for the 2023 PGP was as follows:

Step 1: Ensure you have meet the eligibility criteria.

Step 2: Have completed an Interest to Sponsor form and submitted a profile on IRCC's website in 2020.

Step 3: Update the information you entered in the interest to sponsor forms you submitted in 2020 if necessary.

Step 4: IRCC conducted a random selection of up to 24,200 applications between October 10th and October 23rd, 2023.

Step 5: If selected in the draw, sponsors must submit a completed sponsorship application to IRCC by the deadline stated in their invitation to successfully apply for PGP sponsorship.

Step 6: Obtain a Quebec Selection Certificate ("CSQ" in French) by applying to the Quebec government. Once it is obtained, submit it to IRCC.

You must have exceeded the Minimum Necessary Income requirement set by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) for each of the past 3 taxation years before the date that you submit your application. The Minimum Necessary Income requirement is different for sponsors living in Quebec. Your MNI is assessed based on your Canada Revenue Agency Notice of Assessment.

The following table shows Minimum Necessary Income requirements for the 2023 Parents and Grandparents Program (PGP) if you live outside of Quebec:

Size of Family Unit
2 persons
3 persons
4 persons
5 persons
6 persons
7 persons
Each additional person

If you live in Quebec, you are deemed capable of fulfilling a sponsorship undertaking if you have had gross income from Canadian sources equal to the total amount of income in Table 1 and Table 2, below, within the past 12 months preceding your application and demonstrate that you will continue to have it for the duration of your undertaking.

Size of Family Unit
Basic annual income required
1 person
2 persons
3 persons
4 persons
5 persons
More than 5 persons, for each additional person add

Table 2 only refers to the person being sponsored. Sponsors need to add the correct figure from Table 1 to the correct figure in Table 2 to determine the Mini Principal applicants should add the relevant figure from Table 1 above to the relevant figure in the right-side column of Table 2 to arrive at the Minimum Necessary Income requirement.

Additional income required of the sponsor to satisfy the basic needs of the sponsored person and his or her family members

Number of persons 18 years of age or over

Number of persons under 18 years

Gross annual income required of the sponsor

The gross annual income required increases by $4,916 for each additional person under 18 years of age.
Number of persons 18 years of age or over
Number of persons under 18 years
Gross annual income required of the sponsor
The gross annual income required increases by $3,409 for each additional person under 18 years of age.
Number of persons 18 years of age or over
Number of persons under 18 years
Gross annual income required of the sponsor
The gross annual income required increases by $2,559 for each additional person under 18 years of age and by $9,164 for each additional person 18 years of age or over.

Individuals are not eligible to sponsor a parent and/or grandparent if they:

  • Are less than 18 years old;
  • Will not live in Canada when applying to sponsor the parent and/or grandparent and/or when the sponsored parent and/or grandparent becomes a permanent resident;
    • A a potential sponsor, an applicant's primary residential address must be in Canada at the time of applying and until a decision is made on the application.
  • Are not Canadian citizens, permanent residents of Canada, or a registered Indian in Canada;
  • Are a temporary resident who is visiting, studying or working in Canada on a visa or permit;
  • Have a permanent residence application that is still in process
    • A potential sponsor must have permanent resident status at the time of submitting the sponsorship application.
  • Cannot show proof of income that demonstrates they has the required Minimum Necessary Income (MNI).

In addition, individuals may not be eligible to sponsor a parent and grandparent if they:

  • Are in jail, prison, or penitentiary
  • Did not pay back:
    • an immigration loan
    • a performance bond
    • court-ordered family support payments such as alimony or child support
  • Did not give the financial support they agreed to when signing a sponsorship agreement to sponsor a relative in the past
  • Declared bankruptcy and are not discharged
  • Receive social assistance for a reason other than a disability
  • Were convicted of a violent criminal offence, any offence against a relative or any sexual offence inside or outside Canada
  • Cannot legally stay in Canada and must leave the country because they received a Removal Order.

IRCC may have additional reasons for considering a person ineligible to sponsor a parent and/or grandparent.

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada will accept up to 15,000 completed applications for the 2023 PGP intake. The department accepted the same number of applications in 2022; IRCC previously accepted some 30,000 applications for the 2021 intake window, and some 10,000 for the PGP 2020.

Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada seeks to have a fair and transparent lottery process. It removes all duplicate applications and ensures that the lottery is randomised. Ensure that you meet all the eligibility criteria and complete the Interest to Sponsor form fully and accurately so that you have an opportunity to be among those selected.

Canadian citizens and/or permanent residents have another option to bring a parent or grandparent to Canada.

The Super Visa Program allows parents and grandparents to come to Canada as long-term visitors on a multi-entry visa that remains valid for up to 10 years. Unlike standard visitor visas, a Super Visa allows visa holders to stay in Canada for up to two years on initial entry to Canada.

To be eligible for the Super Visa program, parents and grandparents must meet standard visitor visa requirements. In addition, they must:

  • Provide a written commitment of financial support from their child or grandchild in Canada;
  • Show that the sponsor in Canada meets minimum income requirements;
  • Prove they have purchased Canadian health insurance for at least one year; and
  • Complete an immigration medical examination.

Depending on their nationality, parents/grandparents may require a Temporary Resident Visa in addition to the Super Visa.

The sponsor and the sponsor's co-signer, if applicable, are required to sign a sponsorship undertaking with the Government of Canada in which they promise to provide for the essential needs of the sponsored person(s) for 20 years from when they arrive to Canada.

20 years. Your obligations as a sponsor begin when the person(s) you are sponsoring and their accompanying dependents (if applicable) become permanent residents of Canada. The length of undertaking is 10 years for sponsors in Quebec.

Yes. In order to help you meet the Minimum Income Requirement, your co-signer can be your spouse or common-law partner. Your co-signer must provide proof of income for the last 3 taxation years before the date of your application. They must also meet the same eligibility requirements as you and must agree to adhere to the 20-year sponsorship undertaking period (the undertaking period is 10 years in Quebec).

Yes, you may sponsor more than one person in your PGP application. To do this, you will need to submit separate applications for each person (or couple) that you sponsor. IRCC will process these applications individually.

Note that if you do choose to sponsor more than one person in your application, you will need to meet the relevant income requirements for the total number of people sponsored.

Yes, a Canadian permanent resident currently residing in Canada can sponsor their parents and grandparents to also obtain permanent residence.

The Canadian government has the authority to determine that a parent or grandparent is not allowed to enter Canada on health grounds if the person:

  • poses a danger to public health
  • poses a danger to public safety or
  • places excessive demand on health or social services.

Yes, EI and CERB are not regarded as social assistance by IRCC. You still must meet the Minimum Necessary Income requirement which is based on the total size of your family (which includes the number of parents, grandparents, and dependents you wish to sponsor).

About CanadaVisa and Cohen Immigration Law

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Cohen Immigration Law is among Canada's leading immigration law firms, proudly employing over 60 immigration lawyers, paralegals, and professionals. Cohen Immigration Law has over 45 years of experience including helping clients successfully prepare and submit family sponsorship applications to the Canadian government.

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