Every person is entitled to protection from persecution.

Canada has recognized this basic human right since 1951 when it signed the Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (the Geneva Convention). The right to life, liberty and security of the person is also enshrined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.

Refugee Determination

To be granted asylum in Canada as a refugee, a person must be outside his or her home country and have a well-founded fear of persecution. According to the Geneva Convention, the fear must not only be well-founded, the persecution must also be based on reasons of race, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion. However, a less restrictive interpretation of the feared persecution may also lead to refugee status. For example, Canada recognizes that women can be persecuted because of their gender and that the definition of a refugee should be interpreted to also include this form of persecution. A variety of circumstances can make a person a refugee. Some examples can be found here.

Bringing refugees to Canada from outside the country is known as resettlement. Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC) resettles individuals and families based on referrals from the United Nations High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR), other referral organizations, and private sponsorship groups.

Refugee Claim Process

Canada has obliged itself to protect genuine refugees, that is, not to send them back to persecution. People who get to Canada on their own can claim refugee protection at any border point, or inside Canada, at a Canadian Immigration Visa Office. Read about the refugee application process.

Refugee claims are complex and there is always a lot at stake. It is always advisable for people seeking refugee protection to be represented by a competent Canadian attorney with expertise in this particular area of the law.

Refugee Status application processing times vary from one Canadian Immigration Visa office to another:

For more information about refugee status in Canada, please consult our Refugee Status FAQ.

Latest News

  • Quebec’s Minister of Immigration Formally Proposes Changes to Immigration Act

    The Quebec Minister of Immigration, Diversity, and Inclusion, Kathleen Weil, has tabled a draft law that, if passed, may make significant changes to the Quebec Immigration Act. Adopted in 1968, the Immigration Act in Quebec has undergone successive amendments but has never been reformed.

  • Canadian Prime Minister Trudeau Commits to Lifting Visa Requirement for Mexican Citizens

    Canada’s Prime Minister, Justin Trudeau, has formally committed to removing visa requirements on citizens of Mexico wishing to travel to Canada on a temporary basis. The policy was initially instigated by the previous Conservative government in 2009, following an increase in Mexicans seeking asylum in Canada.