New citizens of Canada taking the oath of citizenship at a ceremony

As expected, the Liberal government of Canada has introduced a bill that would repeal many parts of the former Conservative government’s citizenship legislation, known as Bill C-24. With a majority government in place, significant amendments to the Citizenship Act are widely expected to come into force in the near future.

Among the proposed amendments is the repeal of a controversial provision that revoked citizenship from dual Canadian citizens convicted of terrorism, treason or espionage. The proposed legislation would also reduce the amount of time permanent residents have to live in Canada in order to become eligible to apply for citizenship, from four out of six years to three out five years, and would allow applicants who spent time in Canada on temporary status to count this time towards the three-year requirement.

In addition, the proposed amendments would repeal the intent to reside provision and remove language proficiency requirements for certain applicants.

“I am very pleased to announce these changes which are entirely consistent with the promises we made during the election campaign and on which we as a government were elected,” said Immigration Minister John McCallum.

"A Canadian is a Canadian is a Canadian"

The Government is keeping its commitment to repeal certain provisions of the Citizenship Act, including those that led to different treatment for dual citizens. Canadian citizens are equal under the law. Whether they were born in Canada or were naturalized in Canada or hold a dual citizenship,” said Minister McCallum, who has recently echoed Prime Minister Justin Trudeau's in stating that "a Canadian is a Canadian is a Canadian."

Making citizenship more accessible

A list of proposed amendments and how they correspond to the existing Citizenship Act can be viewed in the table below.

Current ActProposed Amendment

Authority to revoke citizenship for certain acts against the national interest of Canada. These grounds include convictions of terrorism, high treason, treason or spying offences, depending on the sentence received, or for membership in an armed force or organized armed group engaged in armed conflict with Canada.

Repeal national interest grounds for revocation.
Applicants must have the intention to reside in Canada if granted citizenship. Repeal intent to reside provision.
Physical presence for 4 out of 6 years before the date of application. Physical presence for 3 out of 5 years before the date of application.
Time spent in Canada as a non-permanent resident may not be counted. Applicants may count each day they were physically present in Canada as a temporary resident or protected person before becoming a permanent resident as a half-day toward meeting the physical presence requirement for citizenship, up to a maximum of one year of credited time.
Minimum of 183 days physical presence in 4 of the last 6 years. Repeal the minimum 183 days physical presence in 4 of the last 6 years.
Applicants aged 14-64 must meet language requirements and pass knowledge test. Applicants aged 18-54 must meet language requirements and pass knowledge test.
File Canadian income taxes, if required to do so under the Income Tax Act, for four taxation years out of six years, matching physical presence requirement. File Canadian income taxes, if required to do so under the Income Tax Act, for three taxation years out of five years, matching proposed new physical presence requirement.
Time spent serving a conditional sentence order can be counted towards meeting physical presence requirements. Convicted individuals who are serving conditional sentence orders (sentences served in the community with certain conditions) are not prohibited from being granted citizenship or taking the oath of citizenship. Time spent under a conditional sentence order cannot be counted towards meeting the physical presence requirements; and those serving a conditional sentence order are prohibited from being granted citizenship or taking the oath of citizenship.
Provision prohibiting applicants from taking the oath of citizenship if they never met or no longer meet the requirements for the grant of citizenship, but does not apply to applications received before June 11, 2015. Provision prohibiting applicants from taking the oath of citizenship if they never met or no longer meet the requirements for the grant of citizenship also applies to applications still in process that were received prior to June 11, 2015.

No explicit authority for citizenship officers to seize fraudulent documents related to the processing of applications.

Authority to seize documents provided during the administration of the Citizenship Act if there are reasonable grounds to believe they are fraudulent, or being used fraudulently.