Kareem El-Assal - 15 October, 2020
Immigrants arriving to Canada through Express Entry are performing better than Canadian-born workers and other immigrants. This is demonstrated in a new report by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC).
Express Entry is Canada's application management system for three federal economic class immigration programs: Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP), and Canadian Experience Class (CEC).
It was launched in 2015 to allow Canada to manage applications in a more dynamic fashion and to also better select immigrants capable of integrating into the Canadian labour market.
The IRCC report shows that immigrants who arrive through Express Entry perform more strongly in the labour market than Canadian-born workers and other immigrants.
This is due to Express Entry's selection criteria and its competitive nature.
Express Entry candidates who are eligible under the FSWP, FSTP, or CEC receive a Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). The CRS is based on their age, education, language skills, work experience, and Canadian ties. Candidates obtain higher CRS scores when they are below the age of 45, have high levels of education and English and/or French skills, and have strong work experience. Having Canadian ties through the likes of studying and/or working in Canada, having a job offer, having a sibling in Canada, or obtaining a provincial nomination can increase one's CRS score.
Canada uses this criteria to screen the ability of immigrants to integrate into the labour market. Having the aforementioned criteria has long been proven to support labour market success and the new IRCC study further corroborates this.
The study shows that 95 per cent of immigrants were employed in their first year of being permanent residents in Canada. Of these immigrants, 83 per cent said they were working in their fields.
In addition, the incomes of Express Entry immigrants are higher than the Canadian-born population and other immigrants. After one year of obtaining permanent residence, Express Entry immigrants earned $59,700 CAD on average, compared with $49,400 for immigrants who did not arrive through Express Entry. The earnings advantage between Express Entry immigrants and Canadian-born workers is by about the same amount (about $10,000 CAD).
The findings show that Express Entry is achieving the goal of promoting labour market success. Given that Express Entry draws are growing, we can expect an even larger share of immigrants to be strong labour market performers in the future.