There is another conference or forum at this site where refugee and protected person issues are addressed more specifically. I do not read those topics much and do not know to what extent there is, or is not, informed discussion regarding issues related to cessation of protected person status (I occasionally peruse discussions there, just to keep track of any potential news about cessation). I deliberately steer clear of participating in those discussions because I am not at all well informed about refugee issues and I try to stay close to what I know. I repeat it often: I am NO expert and I am especially NOT an expert in matters involving refugees. Far, far from it. This topic is fairly narrowly focused. It started as a Heads-UP warning . . . Indeed, this topic is something of an anomaly for me. I RELUCTANTLY came to this subject, and started this topic, a little over four years ago. That was in August 2015. That was nearly THREE years after the Harper government added cessation of protected person status to the list of events terminating Permanent Resident status. That was AFTER I noticed IAD and Federal Court decisions in which Refugee-PRs applying for citizenship were not only being DENIED citizenship, but losing PR status. That was after seeing some forum participants still advising ALL prospective citizenship applicants that it was better to apply with a valid passport, with no caveat at all for those who might be a Refugee-PR and who would put their status at RISK by obtaining their home country passport. At the time, it appeared that the help centre for CIC (this was before the name change to IRCC) was often, if not usually, similarly telling prospective citizenship applicants they should have a valid passport when they applied. Some forum reporting indicated that even some lawyers were likewise failing to make a distinction for Refugee-PRs. AND NO ONE in this forum, and it appeared almost no one anywhere, was warning Refugee-PRs, that they could lose their PR status just because they applied for a home country passport. NO ONE, no one anywhere it seemed, was warning Refugee-PRs that IF they had traveled to their home country, applying for citizenship could trigger a cessation inquiry potentially leading not just to their citizenship application being denied, but loss of PR status altogether. And by August 2015 the contrast between what was happening to Refugee-PRs applying for citizenship and the utter silence here, in conjunction with commonly offered bad advice to obtain a passport, I felt obligated to at least bring the subject up and help others be aware of the RISKS, of this rather serious pitfall. So I started this topic. And of course, if I am going to comment I make a concerted effort to do the homework, to get informed, to understand the system and the process. But in doing the latter I have not wandered much into refugee issues other than this one narrow issue: what can lead to a cessation inquiry and potential loss of protected person status, which since 2012 AUTOMATICALLY terminates PR status. Of course doing this has required doing some homework into a few related collateral matters and of course to become familiar with the context in which these issues arise. BUT this is not a topic for discussing refugee issues generally. Not even for discussing cessation of protected person status for refugees who have not obtained PR status. Of course the grounds and issues overlap, so much of the discussion here about cessation applies, as well, to refugees who are not PRs . . . but there are many other issues for refugees who are not PRs beyond what this topic is about. Finally, REMEMBER, that cessation policy is basically the application and enforcement of UNHCR policy and rules. Section 108 is almost verbatim the same as the comparable UNHCR provisions. What is different is that beginning in 2012, Canada suddenly started enforcing cessation against PRs who had obtained PR status as a refugee. In fact, part of why this change in law was so utterly shocking was that the Harper government then proceeded with the process to terminate the PR status of PRs who had traveled to their home country WHEN DOING SO WAS IN NO WAY RESTRICTED BY CANADIAN LAW, when there was NO HINT doing so might in any way jeopardize their PR status. This was about as close to a penalty applied retroactively as one will ever see. PRs punished based on a change in law in 2012 for activities done YEARS BEFORE 2012. For example, one of the more high profile cases was against a PR in 2013 or 2014 on reavailment grounds based on trips to the home country a DECADE before the law changed. ALL THAT SAID . . . ALL THAT SAID . . . I am not quite sure what you are asking. Whether or not a refugee can return to live in the country where he or she was living before fleeing, or is the refugee's home country, mostly depends on whether that country allows the individual to return home. The answer to that question is rooted in the OTHER COUNTRY's LAWS and RULES . . . NOT Canadian law or rules. There is no law which requires Canadian PRs or refugees to stay in Canada. They can leave and live anywhere else in the world they want, SO FAR AS CANADIAN LAW goes. (To keep status in Canada they must of course still meet their obligations under Canadian rules.) Otherwise, as I tried to address in my previous post, if conditions change in the home country, or in the country the refugee fled from, so that it is safe to return and live there, the law works differently DEPENDING on what type of refugee the individual is (which gets into questions I do not know the answer to) and DEPENDING on whether the refugee has Canadian PR status. Section 108(1)(e) allows for the cessation of refugee status where "the reasons for which the person sought refugee protection have ceased to exist." But cessation on that ground has NO effect on a refugee who is also a Canadian PR.