You can see the information for Quebec here: http://www.cnt.gouv.qc.ca/fileadmin/pdf/publications/c_0149a.pdf
and those are the minimums. The employer can always give you more than that if they want to and some do.
In Canada, you often get 26 salaries per year (every 2 weeks) but this is really a meaningless number because what matters is not how often you get paid but how much or more importantly how comfortably you can live with what you have.
In Quebec, you get 2 weeks vacation after you have worked somewhere for a year and after 5 years you get 3 weeks. This is similar to other provinces as far as I know. In Canada, it is also common that statutory holidays fall on a Monday so you get quite a few long weekends. You may also be able to take unpaid holidays depending on what your employer will allow.
40 hours per work are usual, sometimes 44 depending on the province but the employer can ask you for overtime. In Quebec, you may refuse overtime after 12 hours per day or 50 hours per week. In most provinces in Canada, the employer can also limit your hours if it is not busy, that is they can send you home without pay or have you work 3 days a week only if it suits them.
Most employers do not pay sick leave but if you are sick for more than 2 weeks, you can get employment insurance.