Leon, this is from CIC Manual. Does it mean that this rule applies only if Canadian Citizen spouse is working with the public service or province or armed forces??. It does not apply to anyone else?.
Spouse of Canadian living abroad
Sub-section 5(1.1) was proclaimed in 1988. It treats residence for an applicant, as described in
that provision, as if the person were in Canada.
1.7.1 Specific periods count as residence
The Citizenship Act was amended in 1988 to allow the spouse of a Canadian citizen residing
outside Canada with that person to count certain specific periods as residence in Canada.
"Spouse" refers to a married person.
Section 5(1.1) applies only where the Canadian citizen spouse is working with the public service
of Canada or a province or for the Canadian armed forces.
Any day of residence outside Canada, before lawful admission to Canada, is equivalent to onehalf day of residence in Canada.
Any day of residence outside Canada, after lawful admission to Canada, is equivalent to one day
of residence in Canada.
Yes, just like it says. If your spouse is a Canadian and is staying with you in another country but does not meet the requirements of the above, then you can only use their presence to keep your PR, not to apply for citizenship.