All Canadian processing centers receiving an application for Canadian Permanent Residency, in any category will send an Acknowledgement of Receipt (AOR). This AOR acknowledges that the application was received, and provides an indication as to whether or not the Canadian Government plans to proceed with the application. The AOR will usually also indicate the file# (or "B#") that has been assigned. It is important to note this file# and retain it for future reference.
In our experience the Canadian Embassy in New Delhi, India, will send out the AOR in aproximately 8-12 weeks, after receiving the application.
If the AOR has not been received in that time frame, then a status inquirery would certainly be in order, to verify status and receipt of the application. When requesting such a status update, for the reason of lack of AOR, it is a good idea to provide proof of delivery of the original application, if a traceable courier service was used to deliver it to the embassy.
In addition when sending a status inquirery, a RELIABLE response FAX# can be indicated on the inquirery, in order to save time, when waiting for the Canadian Government to respond. (ie: a response by fax will often arrive quicker, than a response by mail.)
For your second question, we should note that normally police clearances are only requested if an applicant has lived or visited a country for more than 6 months in total, since his/her 18th birthday. And thus in the case of your wife, it is unlikely that a police clearance will be requested for her 59 day stay in the USA.
CAMPBELL, COHEN - attorneys at law
tel:514.937.9445 / fax:514.937.2618